The Legacy of Muttiah Muralitharan and his Arm

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A proud Sri Lankan, Dr Muralidaran Ramesh Somasunderam, investigates the legacy of Muttiah Muralitharan as both a Test Match and One Day Bowler…

I believe the retirement of Muralitharan brings to an end a career of a cricketer whom many will enjoy discussing and debating about at offices, dinners, parties, hotels, restaurants, pubs, and at homes for a very long time. Some will view and evaluate him as a genius, and others will analyse and interpret him as a bowler who did not keep within the legal requirements of the game, due to his suspect and unusual bowling action, even though he was cleared three times by tests conducted in the Department of Human Movement at The University of Western Australia. The footage and images of his bowling action indicates that Muralithran falls within the requirements of legitimacy.

Muralithran did develop the googly for a finger spinner, more specifically for a right arm off spinner, where the delivery goes the other way – he extended his arm beyond the allocated limit of 5 degrees for spin bowlers, with the limit being 10 degrees for fast bowlers.  The International Cricket Council decided to bring the 15 degree limit of an arm being bent by a bowler, pace or spin, prior to its release, because bowlers even with model actions, such as Dennis Lillee, and Michael Holding did bend their arm a fair or significant amount based on footage, and images taken of their bowling actions.  To the naked eye, the bowling actions of these two great fast bowlers were dead striaght.

Lillee had the pinnacle of the perfect orthodox pace bowler’s action, along with bowlers of the calibre  Sir Richard Hadlee, the late Sir Harold Larwood, and the late Sir Alec Bedser.

But, the point to remember in this instance or circumstance is the deformity associated with Muralithran arm – from that position to the point of release is the vital evidence in my view in relation to evaluating the legitimacy of  Muralithran as an off spin bowler in both Test Match cricket, and in One Day Internationals. This is crucial in evaluating, and analysing the legal or illegality factor in regard to Muralithran’s bowling action, therefore his style, and the execution.

I accept that one cannot coach or teach a young finger spin bowler to bowl in the manner, style, and execution of Muralithran especially as he  cannot not straighten the arm, due his disability of having polio in his right arm, which he was born with at birth. Therefore this factor must be understood based on objectivity, when Muralithran is evaluated, reviewed, and analysed, because this is what created the unusualness in relation to his bowling action, and his brilliance, when the ball hit the deck or pitch, and what the ball did thereafter.

To me, this was the most fascinating aspect, about Muralithran as a cricketer, as no bowler in the history of game did the aspects Muralithran did with a cricket ball in terms of wizardry, uniqueness, and unpredictability, as a finger spinner. I wish to place on record I genuinely believe that there will be no more right arm off bowler or a finger spinner such as Muralithran, because primarily the bowler has to have a disability, as is the case with Muralitheran’s right arm, and if one tries to bowl in the manner and style Muralithran did, the possibility of keeping within the legal and therefore the technical requirements could and will become a significant issue of contention and therefore the aspect or issue of bona fide.

Either way, the dialogue or discussion of his legitimacy or otherwise is what makes Muralithran the most interesting and thereby, the most fascinating player to play the game of cricket in regard to its history.

I believe the unconventional action of Muralithran, in particular his point of release of the ball is his greatest asset, as it came out of his hand at an unusual and extremely wired angle. This makes its trajectory in terms of the release of the ball totally different to any off spin bowler who has played the game of cricket to date, and therefore when the ball hit the pitch or deck, it came out as a scrambled seam, rather than the seam being straight or upright. This made it very difficult for a batsman to read Muralithran off the pitch or deck from his hand, because a batman did not know what way the ball will turn, and even if they read or picked the delivery correctly from his hand or off the pitch, most batsmen were not in a position to keep him at bay successfully, or score runs quickly against him, which spoke volumes for Muralithran’s ability, uniqueness, and unusualness as a great right arm off spin bowler of class, quality, versatility and variety.

In my view Muralitheran’s inclusion of a googly in his armoury made things much tougher, and therefore much more difficult for batsmen, as it gave him another dimension in regard to his bowling ammunition or repetiteur, including his demeanour and presence as a cricketer, especially right arm off spin bowling. It was logical for batsmen to try and use their feet against him, but this was much easier said than done in reality, because as many great off spin bowlers before him, he did defeat most batsmen in flight, and through deception of pace which was Muralidaran’s great asset.

As well as spinning the ball a great deal, which is  extremely rare, especially for a finger spinner, he had so many weapons that should be in every spinner’s armoury – subtle variations of pace, usage of the of the crease in terms of angles, deception of flight and guile, and immaculate line and length.  This is different to a significant degree in regard to a right arm wrist spinner, whose stock delivery is a wicket taking delivery, as the ball tuns away from right handed batsmen towards the slips, who historically have, and continue to dominate the game of cricket in regard to amount or numbers produced, such as baseball with batters.

This is why persons who compare Muralithran with Warne do not understand the game, as one is a right arm off spinner and the other is a right arm wrist spinner, even though wrist spin is a much more difficulty art to master than finger spin. In this regard, I do believe Warne highlighted and showed that he mastered his art of bowling, which was right arm wrist spin bowling and Muralithran did revolutionise the art of finger spin bowling, specifaclly right arm off spin bowling, with his uniqueness, unorthodoxy and unusualness.

In relation to Muralithran, he also turned the ball prodigiously, which was totally different, with his enormous variations, which he possessed, including the googly. This made him a different proposition altogether for a batsman, especially in Test Match cricket, where there is no curtailment of overs in regard to a bowler, and field setting to negate the flow of runs, rather than focussing on taking wickets, based on aggressive, positive and imaginative filed settings. But even in One Day cricket, Muralithran holds the record for the highest number of wickets taken by a bowler, which makes him extremely special in terms of his quality, prowess, ability, and class as a finger spin bowler, especially a right arm off spin bowler.

I believe Muralithran was a ‘thinking man’s cricketer’, who understood the strengths and weaknesses of most batsman he played against. He was also persistent, consistent, and relentless in regard in his pursuits of achieving results personally, and as a contributor to a team sport, such as cricket, and he evaluated the conditions and the requirement from his perspective very quickly in important and vital games of cricket, may it be Test Match cricket or One Day Internationals. Therefore he was not just a talented individual, but he brought other facets to the game, especially to a team, such as team spirit and unselfishness, which were invaluable and very much required, and they were greatly appreciated by both team members, cricket officials, and the general public, who were interested in the game, its direction, contribution, and its history.

In my view because Muralithran did bowl with an open chested bowling action rather than a side- on bowling action, he did not gain the late drift and curve, which is an essential requirement on harder wickets, such as in Australia and in South Africa to succeed as an off spin bowler at the highest level, which is Test Match cricket. This is why Muralithran’s track record in Australia is poor. Also he preferred to bowl over the wicket to left handers, rather than round the wicket. For this reason Muralithran was not as potent to left handed batsmen as he could have win. In some ways it nullified his stock delivery as an off spin bowler is a wicket taking delivery against a left handed batsman, as the delivery does go away from a left handed batsman towards the slips.

He therefore did not use this weapon to great effect, as he should or could, and this is why a left handed batsman of class, brilliance, and ability of Brian Lara was able to play him with confidence, comfort, and ease in Sri Lanka, where the wickets are supposed to be more conducive to spin bowling, than pace bowling, during the home Test Match Series against the West Indian cricket team.

I also think Muralithran’s mental strength, the way, the manner, and the approach he played the game of cricket in regard to its correct spirit, principle, values, and virtues made Muralithran a player everyone should admire and emulate, as a fine role model in regard to cricket, and sport in general.

Muralithran is not only a great son to all Sri Lankans who love and cherish the game of cricket, but a great son to all South Asians who admire the great game of cricket, and to all nations who cherish, value, and play the game of cricket in its correct and indeed sprit, values, and principles.

Muralithran will be missed, but his legacy and contribution to the game of cricket, especially to finger spin bowling will be remembered for him revolutionising this art of spin bowling, as he bowled off spin, as a wrist spinner, not as a finger spinner.”

This I believe is a very interesting and significant factor to understand and analyse in regard to Muralithran. Therefore, he will be remembered for his uniqueness, and unorthodoxy, and in the process changing the discourse, culture, and the approach of finger spin bowling, especially right arm off spin bowling, even though some may question this aspect, especially the traditionalists or purists of the game, who played cricket strictly based on the text book in regard to its technique, its orthodoxy, its Victorian etiquette, and its tradition.

This is why some traditionalists and purists may view the late James Laker, who played for Surrey and for England as a bowler who met these requirements, culture, and etiquette, as an authentic off spin bowler of class, quality, and purpose.  Nevertheless, I will wish to place on record that all great and original contributors in all sport who were great in their given area or field were mostly unique, and to a fair degree unorthodox, including controversial. Therefore in my view, Muralithran does fit into this category, and his contribution and uniqueness did question the traditionalists and the purists of cricket, that there is not a single way or approach to better an area or aspect in regard to the game, which in this case was right arm off spin bowling.

This is Muralithran’s original contribution to cricket, and he was also always willing to challenge himself as a player to better his performances individually, as mentioned and to the team from an overall perspective, as a key contributor who was both proactive and interactive in his roles and participation. Therefore he was a great contributor to the Sri Lankan cricket team, apart from his achievements and successes individually as a player.

In my view, Muralithran was a revelation, and therefore must be cherished and admired for his persistence, unorthodoxy, uniqueness, and his brilliance, and in the process to be prepared to be questioned and be queried about his legitimacy in regard to his bowling action. This is how history will interpret or evaluate him as a cricketer.
I will conclude by mentioning that Muralithran was an individual who has a great deal of honesty, principle, dignity, respect, and humbleness as a human being, including as a cricketer, and but he was an example to young men and women that one does not need to be arrogant and play ‘gamesmanship’ to succeed at the panicle of their sport, which in this case was the glorious game of cricket.

The above evaluation and analysis are my views of a gentleman who comes from the historical and beautiful city of Kandy in Sri Lanka.

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  1. a fast bowler says

    murali was zero by warne standards.he does not even come close to vettori or swann.he is a retard and should have played with disabled people

  2. Muralidaran Ramesh Somasunderam says

    I sincerely believe the above comments are prejudicial. Nevertheless, I believe the late James Laker and Lance Gibbs were very fine right arm off spin bowlers including Prasennar in their respective eras. The problem with Muralithran is that he has this deformity from birth, but many will not believe or wish to believe him and based on this factor plus the optical illusion factor that he throws the ball, rather than bowl it legitimately is a significant issue and problem, as it the world record holder for most test and one day wickets. Bu, some may believe that this problem was addressed by the ICC with the assistance of the Human Movement Department at The University of Western Australia.
    The view of me in regard to Muralithran is that the umpires using modern day technology, if it was possible should have made the judgement, but as modern day technology does not permit this, the umpires should have had the final decision in regard to the legitimacy of Murealitheran or otherwise, not just in laboratory conditions, as it does not match match conditions, which is a factual fact. Therefore in my view the ICC got it totally wrong in regard to the Muralitheran saga or issue and this in my view is most unfortunate and sad, as the game of cricket is the looser, no one else.

  3. Muralidaran Ramesh Somasunderam says

    I will wish to conclude that Muralitheran is a true gentleman and a very talented cricketer, but the issue is about the perception factor as much as a real issue of legitimacy, especially his googly. I have to state that past world record holders inm regard to most wiskts taken in Test Matach and One D ay cricket have not had the controversies, which has dogged Muralitheran. Therefore, when I state the game is poorer is because world record holders in any given area in a stipulated game, may be cricket, hockey ,tennis rugby or athletics do not world record holders with such as was the case with Muralithran, except Lance Armstrong in regard to cycling, and even though the situation is totally a different one with Armstrong, the end result is’ controversy;, and based on it ‘legitimacy’. This to me makes the game of cricket and cycling to be poorer in terms of it champions in recent times, and by this past champions and the sport in general is the looser. I hope my comments will understood by the readers in regard to the perception factor, which in fact is more significant than reality, whether one does like it or otherwise. Therefore the sports image factor is questioned. In cricket this is more with the bveeting scandals, but having a world champion for most Test Match and One Day cricket whose action is questioned, in my view brings the game into disrepute at least from a perception factor, that a bowler with a questionable action was allowed to become a world record holder, because like ort not people will have their views on Muralitheran’s action, and to me this is extremely sad and unfortunate, as the game of cricket is much more than individuals, even though individuals bring excitement talent and performance.

  4. Qais Mohammad says

    Shane Keith Warne is A better bowler then murali because leg spin is much harder then off spin and look at murali’s hand it is having extra wrist on his arm and both of them are legends but Shane Warne is Much Much Better then Muttiah Muralitharan . And Shane Warne is The King Of Spin and The Best Bowler ever.

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